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Battles over Belief: Religion and Violence in Catholic Europe (1848–1914)

Emmy-Noether-Nachwuchsgruppe (Foto 2014)Welcome to the website of the Emmy Noether research group Battles over Belief. This project is the first attempt to systematically analyse the role that protest and violence played in shaping, structuring and overcoming conflicts surrounding religious culture and Church power in late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century Europe. It studies the motives and legitimation strategies for the use of crowd action and simultaneously probes opportunities to overcome physical conflict and the development of alternative ways to overcome conflict.


The project consists of three case-studies:


In the links section you can find a more detailed project description and information about the German Research Foundation’s Emmy Noether Programme (as well as about the mathematician Emmy Noether!). Below you will find a summary of recent activities. For a more comprehensive overview, please consult the German version of the website.
 

Upcoming events

Forthcoming: together with Dr. Niall Whelehan (Strathclyde), Eveline Bouwers has edited »Homelands and Hostlands: The Spatial Dynamics of Political Mobilisation in the Early-Twentieth Century World«. The volume will be published as a special issue of the peer-reviewed journal Immigrants & Minorities, which is published by Taylor & Francis.
 

Past events

Higher Education in Danger: The Central European University, which has been founded in 1991, is a renowned international research institute. Its future is currently threatened by changes in the Hungarian Law on Higher Education. The organization of GRACEH has issued a statement in which it points at the difficulties faced by CEU and expresses its solidarity with staff and students. In a letter addressed to the Hungarian government, Prof. Johannes Paulmann, Director of the Leibniz Institute of European History, has equally pointed at the importance of the CEU for teaching and research. We fully support these statements.

27-29 April 2017: Péter Techet participates in the 11th Graduate Conference in European History (GRACEH) on the subject of »Beyond Established Narratives – New Approaches to European History from Early Modern Times to the Present«​. GRACEH, which takes places in Florence, is a cooperation of the European University Institute (Florence), the University of Vienna and the Central European University (Budapest). Conference Programme
 
2 February 2017, 19:00: Guest lecture by Prof. Dr. Pieter M. Judson (Florence) on Rethinking the Relationship of Nation and Empire in Austria-Hungary: State Building from Below.

18 January 2017: Eveline Bouwers gives an invited lecture at the Central European University, Budapest (HU). The Title of her talk is Drawing Boundaries, Defending Spaces: Microperspectives from the European Culture Wars. More information

Publication of 'On Site, in Time': the Leibniz Institute of European History has published an online portal that presents the history of Europe by looking at local places, which can be considered exemplary for the changing ways in which Europeans have negotiated differences. With contributions by Eveline Bouwers on Oostakker (Belgium) and Péter Techet on Trieste (Italy).

12 September 2016: Péter Techet attends the conference 'Identities In-Between: East-Central Europe, c. 1900-present', which will takes place at Wolfson College, Oxford (UK). The topic of his talk is Italian Catholicism in the Austrian Littoral (Trieste and Istria) at the Beginning of the 20th Century: Sub-Cultural Position between Italian Nation/Culture, Austrian Loyalty and Catholic Religion. More information

22 June 2016: Péter Techet attends the conference 'The City and the Countryside. Transitions and Transfers in the 19th and First Half of the 20th Century', where he will deliber a talk on Fiume versus Drenova, 1908: A Case Study from the Austo-Hungarian Seacoast on National-Clerical Interpreted Rural Protests against Urban Policy. The conference is organized by the Institute for Lithuanian History (Vilnius), the Herder Institute (Marburg) and the North-East Institute (Lüneburg) and will take place in Vilnius (LTU).

1 April-30 June 2016: Belgian historian Jeffrey Tyssens (Brussels) is senior visiting fellow at the Leibniz Institute of European History. Jeffrey Tyssens is professor at Vrije Universiteit Brussel and a specialist in the history of liberalism, anticlericalism, education and freemasonry. The invitation was extended by among others the Emmy Noether research group. 

10 February 2016: Eveline Bouwers speaks at Humboldt University Berlin (colloquium organized by Prof. Dr. Birgit Aschmann) on The "Violent Catholic": Between Cultural Phantasy and Political Reality in Nineteenth-Century EuropeMore information

1 February 2016: Eveline Bouwers speaks at Frankfurt University (colloquium organized by Prof. Dr. Christoph Cornelissen & Prof. Dr. Andreas Fahrmeir) on History and Memory in the Clerical-Liberal Conflict in Europe, 1848-1914More information

26 January 2016: Eveline Bouwers speaks at the University of Freiburg (colloquium organized by Prof. Dr. Jörn Leonhard) on Rituals of Religious Protest in Nineteenth-Century Europe.

10-11 December 2015: International workshop on Homelands and Hostlands: Political Mobilization among Migrant and Religious Communities in Europe and the Americas, 1848-1939. The workshop is organized by Dr. Eveline Bouwers in cooperation with Dr. Niall Whelehan (The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom). More information

3 November 2015, 19:00: Guest lecture by Elliot Horowitz (Oxford, United Kingdom) on Perpetual Hostility: Amalek as Ultimate Enemy for Early Modern Jews and Christians. This lecture is organized in cooperation with the Martin Buber Chair in Jewish Thought and Philosophy at Goethe University (Frankfurt) and the Jewish Museum (Frankfurt). Location: Goethe University (Frankfurt). More information
This lecture is part of the public lecture series Religion and Violence: An Ambivalent Relationship in Past and Present, which is organized by the Emmy Noether research group.

28 September-2 October 2015: Sara Mehlmer participates in the Maurice Halbwachs Summer Institute Emotion - Interaction - Violence of Georg August University Göttingen. More information

15 September 2015, 19:00: Guest lecture by historian Mary Vincent (Sheffield, United Kingdom) on Counterrevolution: the Nature of Franco's Crusade. This lecture is organized in cooperation with the history department (chair of Andreas Rödder) of Johannes Gutenberg University (Mainz). More information
This lecture is part of the public lecture series Religion and Violence: An Ambivalent Relationship in Past and Present, which is organized by the Emmy Noether research group.

20-29 July 2015: Péter Techet participates in the Summer University Religious Violence in Global Perspective, organized by the Central European University, Budapest (Hungary). More information

23 June 2015, 19:00: Guest lecture by historian Philip Dwyer (Newcastle, Australia) on Religion, Violence and the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. This lecture is organized in cooperation with the Institut Français in Mainz. Place: Institut Français, Schillerplatz 11 in Mainz. More information
This lecture is part of the public lecture series Religion and Violence: An Ambivalent Relationship in Past and Present, which is organized by the Emmy Noether research group.

3 June 2015, 09:15-13:45: Masterclass with Judith Pollmann on Acts of Oblivion, 1550-1850

2 June 2015, 18:15: Guest lecture by historian Judith Pollmann (Leiden) on Remembering Iconoclasm in the Low Countries, 1566–2015. This lecture is organized in cooperation with the history department (chair of Matthias Schnettger) of Johannes Gutenberg University (Mainz). More information
This lecture is part of the public lecture series Religion and Violence: An Ambivalent Relationship in Past and Present, which is organized by the Emmy Noether research group.

17 March 2015, 19:00: Guest lecture by former professor for Islamic Law and Middle Eastern Studies Ruud Peters on Islamic Thinking about Just War: the Doctrine of Jihad in History. This lecture is organized in cooperation with the department for oriental studies (chair of Hendrik Boeschoten) of Johannes Gutenberg University (Mainz). More information
This lecture is part of the public lecture series Religion and Violence: An Ambivalent Relationship in Past and Present, which is organized by the Emmy Noether research group.

14 February-6 March 2015: Péter Techet is visiting researcher at the Austrian Historical Institute Rome.

1 February 2015: The position of Eveline Bouwers as associated fellow at the Catholic Documentation and Research Centre for Religion, Culture and Society (KADOC, Leuven) has been extended until 31 January 2017.

20 January 2015, 19:00: Guest lecture by theologian Heinz-Gerhard Justenhoven (ITF Hamburg) on Frieden durch Recht. Zur Grundstruktur der gegenwärtigen katholischen Friedenslehre. This lecture is organized in cooperation with the Erbacher Hof, Diocesan Academy of Mainz. Place: Haus am Dom, Mainz. More information
This lecture is part of the public lecture series Religion and Violence: An Ambivalent Relationship in Past and Present, which is organized by the Emmy Noether research group.

14 October 2014, 19:00: Guest lecture by legal philosopher Paul Cliteur (Leiden) on Religious Adherence, Modern Citizenship and Theoterrorism. This lecture is organized in cooperation with the Peace Research Institute (Frankfurt/Main). More information
This lecture is part of the public lecture series Religion and Violence: An Ambivalent Relationship in Past and Present, which is organized by the Emmy Noether research group.

16 September 2014, 16:00: Guest lecture by historian Gregorio Alonso (Leeds) on Violent Anticlericalism and Secularization: the Spanish Case (c.1830-1909). More information