18.10.2018 - 20.10.2018
Victors and Vanquished in the Euro-Mediterranean Cultures of War in the Middle AgesInaugural Conference of the Research Training Group 2304: Byzantium and the Euro-Mediterranean Martial Cultures. Exchange, Differentiation and Reception. 18. Oktober, Leibniz-Institut für Europäische Geschichte (IEG): Alte Universitätsstraße 19, 55116 Mainz 19.-20. Oktober, JGU Infobox
Conflicts significantly influenced medieval societies. The cultures of war which arose as a result developed not only in opposition to, but also under the influence of other cultures. Cultures of war are here understood as the norms, interpretations, attributions of meaning and reflections on war, as well as the forms and practices of war itself. The goal of this workshop is to analyze Euro-Mediterranean cultures of war and the importance of Byzantium for them in a comparative perspective on the basis of three concrete sets of topics: remembering victory and defeat, practices of celebrating victory and triumphs and the culture of dealing with the vanquished. Coping with victory and defeat in war touches upon questions of the legitimation of authority, for instance in historiography, panegyric, pictorial representations and architecture. The celebration of a triumph, by contrast, represents a means of direct communication between rulers, the army and the populace. In this context thanks is expressed to the army, generals, the ruler or another higher authority, and it is here that the embedding of the martial in each individual culture is expressed. The treatment of prisoners of war and the enemy dead likewise belongs to the frame of inquiry, yet is of greater importance for its praxis, as a similar treatment of one’s own captives and possibly exchanges of prisoners would have been expected. A Conference of the Leibniz ScienceCampus Mainz.