Dr. Kilian Harrer
Member of the academic staff, Department Abendländische ReligionsgeschichteRoom: 03-304
Phone: +49 (0)6131-39 23459
How did humans’ and bees’ work intersect in early modern Europe? How did this interrelation inform evolving Christian understandings of good work and its rewards? These two questions drive a research project that will connect seemingly disparate histories of religion, the environment, and work.
In the eighteenth century, Catholic populations in Europe as well as in other parts of the world were confronted with a wave of radical holiday reforms. At the request of secular rulers, popes exempted the people from the obligation to refrain from all field and manual labour for a series of saints' days and Marian days. Religious reform ideals and political economy interacted in these attempts to initiate an "industrious revolution" from above.
Throughout the turbulent decades around 1800, Catholic pilgrims mingled piety and politics in the borderlands between German- and French-speaking Europe. While clerical leadership remained important, the current book project shows how lay Catholics often mobilized themselves as they faced the political and religious challenges of Enlightenment reform, revolution, and Napoleon’s authoritarian rule.